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托福作文考试高分造句技巧

作者:  来源:  发?#38469;?#38388;:2016-03-10 17:16:15  浏览:

托福作文考试高分造句技巧

  1. 句型分析

  英语的句型包括以下几?#37073;?#31616;单句、复合句、并列句、并列复合句等。在新托福写作?#26657;?#19968;般使用复合句,辅以并列句和并列复合句,当然肯定要有简单句,做到长短句相结合。下面摘抄几个句子给大家认识并分析一下复合句和并列复合句。

  a. Even though I usually know what I have to say, I cannot always express myself correctly in English.

  这句话是一个复合句,由even though引导的让步状语从句。

  b. This challenges me to practice my spoken English, with the result that I can complete the speaking tasks more fluently and quickly.

  这句话中是一个复合句。with介词结构?#26657;?#26377;一个that引导的同位语从句对result进行解释说明。

  c. I think this is less than ideal because any differences in opinion become personal conflicts, and therefore that might jeopardize the employee’s job.

  上句话是一个并列复杂句。and 连接了两个句子,是一个并列句;because引导的原因状语从句。

  d. Shallow writing is indicative of weak critical-thinking skills, and such writing, which is often described as “sophomoric”, receives low mark.

  这句话同样是并列复杂句。由and连接两个句子,成为并列句,再一个which引导的定语从句。

  2. 有问题的句子的列举

  分析认为,考生写的句子容易出现三个问题:一是使用破碎句,二是使用接连句,三是句子连接不正确。

  1). 破碎句

  所谓破碎句,就是句子不完整,通常是没有谓语(或者说谓语是动词的非谓语?#38382;劍?#22914;分词),或者是从句单独成句。

  破碎句:She singing alone. (无谓语,singing是现在分词)

  正确句:She is singing alone.

  破碎句:He did not come. Because he was sick. (从句单独成句)

  正确句:He did not come because he was sick.

  2).接连句

  所谓接连据,就是两个句子直接连在一起,既未使用连词,也未使用正确的标点符号。

  接连句: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers they have greater freedom in planning their time.

  正确句一: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers. However, they have greater freedom in planning their time.

  正确句二: Professionals such as lawyers or accountants usually work longer hours than factory workers; however, they have greater freedom in planning their time.

 3).句子连接不正确

  所谓句子连接不正确,就是两个独立的句子之间以?#27721;?#36830;接,这是不合英语语法的。正确的做法是以连词、分号、冒号、句号等连接两个句子。

  不正确句: Breaking chalk into two pieces is a physical change, there is no change in the composition of the chalk.

  正确句: Breaking chalk into two pieces is a physical change, so there is no change in the composition of the chalk.

  高分表达

  除了在句式上长短句相结合准确表达外,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议新托福考生要使用一些特殊的句式,以使句型多样化。句型多样化也是作文得到高分的条件之一。除了我们之前经常提到的高分句式,如倒装句、强调句、状语前置、插入语等,?#25910;?#36824;提出另外一个句式的多样变化,即主语多样化。下面?#25910;?#23558;列举几个句子概括介绍前面四种句型,而重点分析主语多样化。

  正常句: Luck only works in extreme cases.

  倒装句: Only in extreme cases does luck work.(否定词位于句首的倒装。)

  正常句: The internet provides people access to the latest information.

  强调句: It is the internet that provides people access to the latest information. (强调the internet)

  正常句: The environment has been deteriorating severely along with the development of industry.

  状语前置句: Along with the accelerating development of industry, the environment has been deteriorating severely.

  正常句: However, new zoos try to duplicate animals’ natural habitats as much as possible and give animals a comfortable amount of space.

  插入语: New zoos, however, try to duplicate animals’ natural habitats as much as possible and give animals a comfortable amount of space. (连词however做插入语)

  主语多样

  1. 她突然想到了一个主意。

  She suddenly had an idea.

  通常情况下,考生会马上对这句话进行翻译,基本不会动句子结构。但是以人作为主语的英语句子总是不能够很吸引人,所以这个句子如果稍微做下修改,以后面的宾语“主意”做主语,这个句子会发生一些变化。

  An idea suddenly occurred to her.

  2. 他开车心不在焉,几乎闯祸。

  He was absent-minded when driving, and almost caused an accident.

  这句话依然是拿人做主语,稍微改一下,?#30740;?#19981;在焉这个形容词的名?#24066;问?#20570;主语,会大不相同。

  His absence of mind during driving nearly caused an accident.

  3. ?#35272;?#22362;合众国创立于1789年。

  The United States of America was founded in 1789.

  这句话没有任?#26410;?#35823;,但是不?#27426;?#26679;,可以用时间作主语。

  The year 1789 witnessed the founding of the United States of America.

  实用句型

  在文章的最后,天道留学为大家列举几个新托福考试中可以使用的套用句型,为一些写句?#29992;?#19981;着头绪的考生提供帮助。

  1. It pays to make great efforts to prepare for TOEFL-ibt.

  努力准备新托福考试是值得的。

  2. Nothing is more important than to receive education.

  没有比接受教育更重要的了。

  3. The reason why the white-collars suffer increasing work-related stress is that they pursue work achievement in career.

  白领压力日益增加的原因是他们在事业上有所?#38750;蟆?/p>

  4. It is time the related department took proper measures.

  (虚拟句式)相关部门早该采取?#23454;?#30340;措施了。

  以上是托福作文高分技巧,本文主要教大家遣?#35797;?#21477;的能力,大家多多练习,就能将词汇储备为己所用。

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环球教育是培生集团旗下品牌,是中国专注于提供海外留学语言培训的领?#28982;?#26500;之一。 环球教育于1997年成立,2001年在北京建立第一所环球雅思培训学校,2006年获得软银赛富投资并在2010年10月于纳斯达克上?#26657;?011年环球教育集团正式成为培生教育集团旗下一员,环球从此进入了培生国际大家庭。多年来,经过所有环球人孜孜不倦的努力,环球教育已形成以语言培训为核心,拥有英语培训?#20302;场?#20986;国留学咨询服务?#20302;场?#25991;化传播?#20302;场?#20135;品研发?#20302;车?#22810;个业务的发展?#25945;ǎ?#26159;一家集语言培训、教育产品研发、教育服务等于一体的大型综合性教育科技集团。

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